Periodontologists perform the treatment of connective tissue diseases that act as a shock absorber between the tooth – jaw bone that surrounds the teeth in the oral cavity, covering their nutrition over the jawbone and holding the teeth fully within the jaw.
Few parts of gum diseases have inherited characteristics. These are the thickness of the gingival tissue jaw bones, calcium and mineral balances, the wrong gluing areas of the gums and the gum symptoms of hereditary diseases from the family.
Generally, this disease is caused by the lack of the ideal tooth brushing habit of the individual, because the dentist does not go to periodic controls and the result of decayed teeth, improper filling and incompatible prostheses and systemic drugs used with wrong or excessive use. Gingival recessions caused by incorrect tooth brushing and the fact that patients do not care about gum bleeding during tooth brushing and neglect to consult the dentist also lead to a worse situation.
It causes gum disorders in some diseases that affect the general health of the patient. These include: Heart – Blood Pressure – Diabetes – Arteriosclerosis – Oral Diseases – Kidney Diseases – Infectious diseases; AIDS – Tuberculosis, etc.
General symptoms of gum diseases
• Bleeding gums
• Gum growth and color changes
• Gingival recessions
• Melts in the jawbone supporting teeth with gingival recessions
• Teeth swings and tooth losses with jaw melts
• Excessive bad breath
Gingival and bone losses in individuals with these symptoms make it difficult to make prostheses and implants. Combining gum diseases with oral infections can threaten a person’s overall health. Inflammation in the blood urine assay alters the high leukocyte count and ASO values.
It is very important to find gum diseases in the rate of 80-85% in heart, blood pressure, arteriosclerosis, diabetes, joint diseases and kidney diseases. In this sense, with the correct treatment of gum diseases, it can easily be protected from the above diseases.
Gum Diseases Treatments
1. Creating and maintaining oral and dental health information of the patient
2. Removal of dental calculus and food plaque formation
3. Deep cleaning of gum pockets (Curettage)
4. Cleaning, curettage and drug treatments recommended by the physician
5. In advanced diseases, periodontal surgical procedures (gingival surgeries) should be applied in order to prevent gum withdrawal and bone loss and to prevent it from regenerating. Said surgical and mechanical treatments can be performed with conventional or state-of-the-art laser applications. Laser applications have been applied intensively and successfully in gum diseases in recent years.
6. These applications provide the following advantages
7. Very little anesthesia is needed during the application.
8. Very little bleeding is encountered.
9. Recovery is much faster.
10. Less losses from intact tissues
11. Patient feels much less pain after application
12. It is a more comfortable treatment.
Causes of gum disease:
• Smoking: As is known, smoking is closely related to cancer, heart and lung diseases. Less well known is that smoking is one of the factors that accelerate the course and development of periodontal diseases.
• Genetics: Research has revealed that 30% of the population has a congenital susceptibility to gum disease. If your family has periodontitis, you can have healthy gums with regular checks before the symptoms of the disease appear.
• Pregnancy-Puberty: Some special times in women’s life require special care and care. When maturing or changing (puberty or menopause) or in special cases (menstruation and pregnancy), hormonal changes occur in the body. At such times, gums become sensitive and susceptible to gum disease. Recent studies have shown that the risk of underweight-premature birth is higher in women with gum disease.
• Stress: Stress; hypertension, cancer and many diseases, as well as the predisposing cause is a risk factor for periodontal disease. Disrupts the body’s defense system and prepares the ground for periodontal disease.
• Drug use: Oral contraceptives (birth control pills), antidepressants and certain heart medications affect oral health.
• Tooth grinding: Did anyone say you were grinding teeth at night? Do you have pain in your teeth from clenching your teeth during an exam or doing a problematic job? Are you still tired when you wake up? Squeezing or squeaking damages tissues supporting teeth, accelerating tissue destruction.